Why don't the Ubuntu repositories have the latest versions of software?


Answer #: 1

An Ubuntu release goes through several stages before it actually makes it to the public as a finished product:

Some time before Ubuntu launches a release it freezes its packages at a certain point.

Before a release is out but after the package freezing, work is done mostly to fix all the bugs and issues that there might be in those packages. New package versions are not imported into the repositories anymore after package or feature freezing.

Once the release happens additional changes to those packages only happen for bug fixing and security issues. There are no more upgrades done to the packages in the official repository even if new versions of the packages are released.

New version of packages are consistently being imported (from Debian) for the next release of Ubuntu, until the next freeze happens and the same process repeats itself.

As an example, you can have a look at the release schedule of 12.04.


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There are literally thousands of Ubuntu programs available to meet the needs of Ubuntu users. Many of these programs are stored in software archives commonly referred to as repositories. Repositories make it easy to install new software, while also providing a high level of security, since the software is thoroughly tested and built specifically for each version of Ubuntu.

Ubuntu distinguishes between software that is "free" and software that is not free. For details of Ubuntu's Free Software Philosophy please see here.

The four main repositories are:

Main - Canonical-supported free and open-source software.

Universe - Community-maintained free and open-source software.

Restricted - Proprietary drivers for devices.

Multiverse - Software restricted by copyright or legal issues.

The Ubuntu Install CDs contain software from the "Main" and "Restricted" repositories, so if you have no internet connection you can still install...

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2015 was a very important year for Linux, both in the enterprise as well as in the consumer space. As a Linux user since 2005, I can see that the operating system has come a long way in the past 10 years. And, 2016 is going to be even more exciting. In this article, I have picked some of the best distros that will shine in 2016.

Best Comeback Distro: openSUSE

SUSE, the company behind openSUSE, is the oldest Linux company; it was formed just a year after Linus Torvalds announced Linux. The company actually predates Linux king Red Hat. SUSE is also the sponsor of the community-based distro openSUSE.

In 2015, openSUSE teams decided to come closer to SUSE Linux Enterprise (SLE) so that users could have a distribution that shares its DNA with the enterprise server -- similar to CentOS and Ubuntu. Thus, openSUSE became openSUSE Leap, a distribution that’s directly based on SLE SP (service pack) 1.

The two distros will share the code base to benefit each...

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This quick tutorial is going to show you how to install the latest release of Eclipse, while the Ubuntu repositories has an very old version.

So far, the latest is Eclipse Kepler (4.3.2). You can follow below steps to install it on Ubuntu 14.04 or other Ubuntu releases.

This tutorial does no longer work since Eclipse Installer was rolled out, you may follow the new

1. Install Java.

If you don’t have Java installed on your system. Click the link below to bring up Ubuntu Software Center and click install OpenJDK Java 7:

Or, install Oracle Java from this link.

2. Download Eclipse from its website

You may check out your OS Type 32-bit or 64-bit by going to System Settings -> Details -> Overview

3. Extract Eclipse to /opt/ for global use

Press Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard to open the terminal. When it opens, run the command below to extract Eclipse to /opt/:

cd /opt/ && sudo tar -zxvf...
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While Apple stomps around the internet, trying to gain exclusive rights to the term "app store", a lot of Linux users are furrowing their brows. After all, Linux has had the same kind of software delivery system for ages, right? Not quite. There are some important differences which can make or break a line of argument...

Let's start with features shared by Apple's iOS app store and the Ubuntu software repositories:

Users can browse software in categories, view ratings and screenshots Software is downloaded from a single source (Apple or Ubuntu's servers) Software is checked by the distributor to be reasonably secure and reliable

So far, so good, and it can be argued that Linux has had most of these features for a long time. But there's a fundamental difference in the way these software sources operate, and this can be demonstrated with an example.

A few weeks ago, I wanted to install Fedora 15 in VirtualBox on my Xubuntu 11.04 installation. I installed the...

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Jedinovice wrote:Kubuntu is out as well. Downloading via torrent now.

I thought I'd see what all the hype was about. So I backed up my Mint KDE installation on my laptop and installed Kubuntu instead.

First mistake - Format the Root partition. I didn't and it tried to reinstall my KDE apps, without success. Tried again and formatted it this time.

Installation went fine and Grub saw both Kubuntu and Windows 7. Configured everything as close as I could to my PC settings. Out of the box, it looks terrible. There is only one wallpaper supplied and Dolphin looks like it was designed by a five year old. Basic programs such as System Settings and Kinfo crash on me in the middle of trying to change things.

There are only a handful of applications installed compared to Mint and some of the options I use to make them work the way I like are missing. Blowed if I can see what all the fuss is about. It doesn't seem to have any added benefits over Mint KDE 17.3,...

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This article shows you how to enable extra repositories within Ubuntu as well as how and why you would use personal package archives (PPAs).

Software And Updates

Let's begin by discussing the repositories that are already available within Ubuntu.

Press the super key (Windows key) on your keyboard to bring up the Ubuntu Dash and start searching for "Software".

An icon for "Software & Updates" will appear. Click this icon to bring up the "Software & Updates" screen.

There are five tabs available on this screen and if you read a previous article showing how to update Ubuntu you will already know what these tabs are for but if not I will be covering them again here.

The first tab is called Ubuntu Software and it has four checkboxes:

Canonical-supported free and open source software (main) Community-maintained free and open source software (universe) Proprietary drivers (restricted) Software restricted by copyright...
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Have you ever feel frustrated when Mozilla releases a new build for their software (especially Firefox) and you are still stuck at the previous older version, simply because Ubuntu did not (and do not intend to) add the newer version of software packages to the repository?

The truth of fact is, Ubuntu does not update its repositories for newer version of software packages, with the exception of security fixes, until the next release of Ubuntu. For example, the default version of Firefox for Ubuntu Jaunty is Firefox 3.0 and it won’t be upgraded to Firefox 3.5 at least until Ubuntu 9.10. In most cases, especially when it comes to browsers and various Web application, it is always better to upgrade to the newest version due to the new features and security improvement. This is where Ubuntuzilla comes into play.

Ubuntuzilla is a python script that checks your system for Mozilla software (Firefox, Thunderbird, or Seamonkey) and update them to the latest version released...

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This article was originally written for Ubuntu 13.04 but it is equally able to fix “Failed to download repository information” issue in Ubuntu 14.04 as well as Linux Mint 17 and other Linux distributions and versions.

Continuing my journey with Ubuntu 13.04 beta, I stumbled across an update problem. I noticed that for past couple of days, Ubuntu had not notified me of any available updates. Considering that I was using the beta version, it felt very weird not to have any update notifications. This is why I decided to check for any available updates on my own. I ran the Software Updater and after checking for updates it threw up this error:

Failed to download repository information. Check your internet connection.

In this tutorial, I’ll show you how to fix this update problem in Ubuntu.

How To Fix “Failed to download repository information” Update error:

As there is no more information available in the Software Updater GUI about the cause...

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Here is How you can solve this issue :

Apt (advanced-packaging-tool) is an excellent tool to install/remove programs and packages on linux. The problem is that programs and packages sometimes are too old.

To help solve this problems you can use an external repository using ppa (personal package archive) to get more recent versions of your software/packages.

Let's take nginx for example. The version on apt is 1.1.19 (at the time I wrote this), but you can find the newest version using the nginx/stable ppa repository which is 1.2.6.

Let's see how it works:

add-apt-repository ppa:nginx/stable

add-apt-repository ppa: < user > / < package >

Update your apt packages

apt-get update

Install nginx

apt-get install nginx

Find more repositories for your linux distro on:...

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Updating your Ubuntu operating system and its installed applications is a fairly simple process, but it works very differently from Windows. All the software you install from the Ubuntu Software Center comes from Ubuntu’s software repositories Your Guide to Ubuntu Repositories and Package Management , so you can get updates in one place – think of it like an app store for your computer Before The Windows Store - Package Managers & Software Repositories [Windows] . When a new version of Ubuntu is released, you’ll be able to upgrade right from within Ubuntu.

There are two different types of Ubuntu releases and released versions of Ubuntu only receive certain types of software updates. However, you can easily get the latest versions of your favorite applications, even if Ubuntu doesn’t include them yet.

Operating System Updates

Canonical releases new versions of Ubuntu...

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My advice: do NOT install antivirus software

3. My advice is therefore


to install a virus scanner if you run Linux on your computer.

A summary of the reasons:

a. In Linux, the executability of a file is not determined by an extension (like for example .exe in Windows), but by the permissions adhering to this file. Each newly created file is by default not executable under Linux, and the user will first need to make this file executable by an explicit action.

b. In Linux a normal user has but very limited permissions. For example, a normal user can't perform administrative tasks. And so the scope of this user is actually limited to his own home...

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Google has released a platform for running their widget applications (Google Desktop Gadgets and web-based Universal Gadgets) on Linux. Google Gadgets for Linux is an open source project, and includes front-ends for GNOME and KDE environments.

Google Gadgets for Linux provides the largest missing feature from the Linux version of Google Desktop, which includes gadgets only in the Windows and Mac OS versions.

Compiz desktop effects or another compositing window manager are recommended for running Google Gadgets. Note that Google Gadgets is still in a development stage. You may also be interested in Screenlets, which can also run Google’s universal gadgets.

Install Google Gadgets from GetDeb
GetDeb.net has an Ubuntu package of the latest version of Google Gadgets. Download the package, and double click the file to open the installer.

Install Google Gadgets from repository
An unofficial repository for Google Gadgets is available....

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It’s coming. On April 29, 2010, the latest version of Ubuntu will be ready for the public.

We talk about Ubuntu quite a bit here at MakeUseOf; most recently I discussed 7 things easier to do in Ubuntu than in Windows 7 Things That Are Easier To Do In Ubuntu Than In Windows . And I stick to the claims made in that article: in many ways Ubuntu is easier to use than Windows.

But in some ways Ubuntu can be downright confusing; particularly when you’re first getting started. There are many different numbered Ubuntu versions, such at 9.04, 9.10, and 10.04. And there are many downloads that play off Ubuntu, including Xubuntu and Kubuntu.

If this confuses you, you should just stick with the default download offered over at Ubuntu.com. If you want to learn more about the different Ubuntu versions, however, keep reading.

What The Numbers Mean

The first thing that might seem confusing is numbered Ubuntu...

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One of the amazing things about the Linux world that other operating systems lack is the software and package management. Everything is taken care of for you. The updates, the dependencies, the missing files, you need not think about anything everything is done for you. That being said, there are things that are not completely obvious to starters. Here is a quick rundown of commands, files and tools that should get you up to speed with package management.

Most Linux distributions that are aimed at average users have a package management tool. RedHat and Fedora have RPM, Debian/Ubuntu/Mint has APT, Arch has Pacman and so on. Each of them essentially do the same thing — keep track of what is installed, lets you install and remove software as well as prompt you to update the installed software whenever necessary. Choosing one to have a detailed look at, it would be APT package management in Ubuntu. So here we go:


There are tons of software...

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When today traffic and casual internet speeds is measured in teens of Giga over an eye blink even for ordinary Internet clients, what’s the purpose of setting a local repository cache on LAN’s you may ask?

Setup Local Repositories in Ubuntu

One of the reasons is to reduce Internet bandwidth and high speed on pulling packages from local cache. But, also, another major reason should be privacy. Let’s imagine that clients from your organization are Internet restricted, but their Linux boxes need to regular system updates on software and security or just need new software packages. To go further picture, a server that runs on a private network, contains and serves secret sensitive information only for a restricted network segment, and should never be exposed to public Internet.

This are just a few reasons why you should build a local repository mirror on your LAN, delegate an edge server for this job and configure internal clients to pull out software form its...

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In my case packages held back were those related to linux-headers and kernel. I came to this by trying to solve an issue with having a red exclamation mark in the notification area and not being able to update packages.

To solve it, I did not have to use neither dist-upgrade nor manual apt-get install xxx.

What I did and has helped has been simple and clean:

sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get autoremove sudo apt-get autoclean sudo apt-get upgrade

I had to manually confirm Grub update and its configuration.

Then I just worked with the computer for a while and then standard update dialogue has appeared again finally including "Ubuntu base" section with kernel and related. The update was performed without any trouble and I do not see any held back packages any more.

Also, it is very important to keep in mind that those *buntu updates including kernel updates are sensitive to hibernation - I've got this problem several times and I always get it resolved...

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