When installing I'm given the option of encrypting my home folder — what does this do?

May 3, 2010

When I installed, I selected the option to encrypt my home folder. I believe this is causing constant crashes now, since error message is user id/password related. Is there a way to remove the encryption?

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When Firefox connects to a secure website (the URL begins with "https://"), it must verify that the certificate presented by the website is valid and that the encryption is strong enough to adequately protect your privacy. If the certificate cannot be validated or if the encryption is not strong enough, Firefox will stop the connection to the website and instead show an error page.

On some websites there is an option to report secure connection errors to Mozilla for statistical purposes:

To troubleshoot secure connection problems with the error message Secure Connection Failed, see the Troubleshoot the "Secure Connection Failed" error message article.

When Firefox connects to a secure website (the URL begins with "https://"), it must verify that the certificate presented by the website is valid and that the encryption is strong enough to adequately protect your privacy. If the certificate cannot be validated or if the encryption is not strong enough,...

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Ubuntu offers to encrypt your home folder during installation. If you decline the encryption and change your mind later, you don’t have to reinstall Ubuntu. You can activate the encryption with a few terminal commands.

Ubuntu uses eCryptfs for encryption. When you log in, your home directory is automatically decrypted with your password. While there is a performance penalty to encryption, it can keep private data confidential, particularly on laptops that may be stolen.

Getting Started

Before doing any of this, you should ensure you have a backup of your home directory and important files. The migration command will create a backup on your computer, but it’s important to have an additional backup – just in case.

First, install the encryption utilities:

sudo apt-get install ecryptfs-utils cryptsetup

You’ll have to encrypt your home directory while you’re not logged in. This means that you’ll need another user account with...

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By Gary Newell

Updated August 21, 2016.

Why Should You Encrypt Your Home Folder?

One of the often overlooked installation options that is made available by many Linux installers is to “encrypt your home folder”.

In this article I am going to discuss the importance of encrypting your home folder for keeping your data and documents safe.

You might think that simply by requiring the user to log in with a password that this is enough to secure your files. You would be wrong.

If you are a Windows user, create a live Linux USB drive and boot into it. Now open the file manager and navigate to your documents and settings folder on the Windows partition. Unless you have encrypted your Windows partition you will notice that you can see absolutely everything.

If you are a Linux user do the same thing. Create a live Linux USB and boot into it. Now mount and open your Linux home partition. If you haven’t encrypted your home partition you...

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Related to : [ubuntu] Home folder encryption ! [ubuntu] Root drive encryption vs home folder encryption by Meski in Ubuntu Hello all
I'm currently running 10.04, installed as an upgrade via the software centre. The original install on my laptop was from the alternate CD of a 9.04 installation.
For the 10.10 release of ubuntu, I'm planning to do a clean re-install. I am a fan of using encryption, and was wonder
[ubuntu] Deactivate encryption for /home folders & change mountpoint for /home folder by M0dusFRee in Ubuntu Hello!
I have just installed the new release of ubuntu 9.04.
While installing I chose to have my /home folders encrypted.
Now I would like to get rid of this encryption as I am to afraid to somehow lose my data and never be able to decrypt it.
And - I would like to move my /home
[ubuntu] Encryption of home folder by CookingCoder in Ubuntu Hi everybody!
Today, I just made a fresh install of Ubuntu Karmic (I was on...
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xenopeek wrote:[*]Switch to Linux Mint 17.2 as that does support full disk encryption in the installer.[/list]

The problem is, THAT method encrypts your installation as one large partition, and does not separate out the home partition. I have wasted the entire day so far trying various install walk-throughs, scripts, etc, trying to get a full-disk-encryption setup that *ALSO* has a separate home partition. So far, nothing works. I know it's possible for Linux to do it, as I've had RHEL installations at a prior job that would do it.

There is even a script referenced on this site (easy howto) that claims to work, but since the script presumes you are on some old version of Ubuntu, it gets confused as soon as it tries to guess your keyboard configuration, then completely barfs when it tries to run the installer from Unity. Mind you, even if you boot from a Ubuntu 14.04.3 DVD, it STILL barfs, because some unknown feature has changed.

Besides, that script...

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Question about home folder encryption

location: ubuntuforums.com - date: October 5, 2010
So when I installed Ubuntu 10.10 I encrypted my home directory. When I login the home folder is automatically decrypted but how secure is this really? If you get physical access you can gain root access on any Linux box using a live CD. From that live CD you would be able to reset my user password. So in the case of someone stealing my laptop they could reset my user password login as me and basically have access to my home folder. Is there anyway to make this more secure?

Home Folder Encryption Question

location: ubuntuforums.com - date: February 13, 2012
I just have a quick question about the 'Encrypt Home Folder' option you are given at install. First, I did choose this (my home folder is encrypted.) Here's my question. If I want to back up some files that are in my home folder (some things in Downloads, Documents, etc.) to a thumb drive or external drive, do I...

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Because most versions of Windows do not include a method of password protecting your files and folders, this page provides steps on encrypting files and folders instead. To password protect your files and folders in Windows, you need to use a third-party program.

Tip: Before password protecting any document, you may want to create a backup of the non-password protected files and folder in case you forget the password in the future.

Microsoft Windows Vista, 7, 8, and 10 users
Microsoft Windows XP Professional users
Microsoft Windows XP Home users
Other security solutions for protecting your files and folders in Windows
How to password protect an Excel file
Things to remember when encrypting or password protecting files and folders

Microsoft Windows Vista, 7, 8, and 10 users

Unfortunately, Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8 do not provide any features for password protecting files or folders. You need to use a third-party...

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You’ve probably heard the word “encryption” a million times before, but if you still aren’t exactly sure what it is, we’ve got you covered. Here’s a basic introduction to encryption, when you should use it, and how to set it up.

What Is Encryption?

Encryption is a method of protecting data from people you don’t want to see it. For example, when you use your credit card on Amazon, your computer encrypts that information so that others can’t steal your personal data as its being transferred. Similarly, if you have a file on your computer you want to keep secret only for yourself, you can encrypt it so that no one can open that file without the password. It’s great for everything from sending sensitive information to securing your email, keeping your cloud storage safe, and even hiding your entire operating system.

Encryption, at its core, is similar to those decoder rings you played with when you were younger. You have a message, you encode it using a secret...

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Imagine this: it’s a great day, you’re busy working on your computer at some event, and everything seems fine. After a while you get tired and decide to get something to eat and shut down your laptop. Although it’s not supposed to happen, someone steals it while you’re gone.

At this point you freak out because your life information is on that machine, including banking data, emails, and anything else that could be considered sensitive data. Now your wonderful day has turned into a nightmare. Of course you can do things to minimize the damage that results from a stolen laptop, or you can be proactive and encrypt your information for exactly these kinds of situations.

Encrypt During Installation If Possible

If you were smart enough, you could’ve encrypted your home folder (which basically contains all of your personal data, as literally every other main system folder contains system data, not personal data) when you first installed Ubuntu onto your system. But...

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While installing Ubuntu system, the wizard gives an option to encrypt the home folder. This simple tutorial is going to show you how to encrypt your Home Folder after installed Ubuntu. This is for Ubuntu 12.04, but also works on other Ubuntu releases, include Ubuntu 12.10.


1. Install ecryptfs utils, it is available in Ubuntu Software Center.

2. A user must be logout before you can encrypt his/her home folder, so you need to temporary create an Administrator user account if you have single user on Ubuntu. Go to System Settings -> User Accounts -> Unlock -> Add an administrator user account

Encrypt the Home Folder:

Here I’m going to encrypt the home folder of user ht:

1. Log out the current user session and log in with the new created user account. Hit Ctrl+Alt+T to launch a terminal window. Then copy and paste this command into terminal and hit run:

sudo ecryptfs-migrate-home -u ht

Change ht to your...

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In today’s computerized, networked world, it is very important that we protect our private and sensitive data. One way to protect your data is to use steganography; another way is to use encryption. We have already covered the best free steganography program for Windows. Now, in this article, we will explore the best free file-level, folder-level, and drive-level encryption programs for Windows.

This review is part of our Best Free Windows Software section. Check out more articles on the best free Windows programs from here.


There is one thing I would like to clarify before we begin.

When it comes to encryption, there are two distinct types of encryption: file-level encryption and folder-level/drive-level encryption. File-level encryption is encrypting individual files while folder-level/drive-level encryption is having an encrypted container that holds as many files as you want. Both types can be used interchangeably but file-level...

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Update: In April 2015 Phase II of the TrueCrypt audit was completed, effectively giving TrueCrypt a clean bill of health. We now therefore recommend using VeraCrypt, a TrueCrypt fork which has fixed most of the weaknesses found during the audit, and is under active development. Please see VeraCrypt & how-to basics for more details.

The sudden demise of TrueCrypt under very suspicious circumstances came as a shock to many who had come to rely not just on its secure file or full disk encryption, but its practical functionality, and the fact that it was a mature product whose open-source code was being carefully audited at the time of its demise with promising results.

While conspiracy theories abound over what happened, the practical problem is finding a secure alternative. Unfortunately this is not as easy as it sounds, as no true drop-in replacement for TrueCrypt exists.
In this article we will therefore we look at what secure open source encryption options...

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Encrypting folders and requiring passwords for access is an excellent way to store and protect private data on a Mac. Now, there is a new means of password protecting folders and sensitive files introduced in OS X with Mountain Lion that lets you create a new encrypted disk image directly from a specified folder. Though you can still create a blank disk image and fill it as you see fit by using the older trick, this new option in Disk Utility is easier to use and extremely quick, making it the preferred method to add a very strong layer of encryption to a folder, securing itself along with all of its contents.

Encrypting a Folder in Mac OS X

This specific “Image from Folder” trick requires OS X 10.8 or later to use:

Open Disk Utility, found in /Applications/Utilities/ Pull down the “File” menu and select “New” and then “Disk Image from Folder”

Navigate to the folder you wish to turn into an encrypted drive and click “Image” Set the Image...
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bobpaul, I doubt there is much more to this issue anyway. If the thread gets out of hand, a mod can split the thread. Anyway, I had this problem after reinstalling Steam to an NTFS partition and this thread confirmed the partition type was the issue. And XD is a cartoon happy face as far as I know.

ZpiX, the partition to use for such content is a gray area. It depends on interaction with Windows computers for one as I don't trust the third party utilities for ext2/3 reading from Windows. As a result, I have 3 partitions (plus one for Windows), they are root (/), home (/home) and data (/media/data). The latter is by far the largest and has multimedia, downloads, server files and documents, basically anything that might be shared or need to be synced across the network (the data drives - D:\ or /media/data - on the computers here basically mirror each other). /home/username contains symlinks to directories on the data partition for convenience such as /home/username/Documents,...

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Encrypting your home folder doesn't actually make your computer more secure - it simply makes all the files and folders in your home folder more secure from unauthorized viewing. Your computer is still "vulnerable" in a security standpoint - but it becomes very difficult for your content to be stolen (unless the attacker has your password). You won't need to actually enter your password any more than you normally do - when you log in to your computer your files are seamlessly decrypted for just your session. There is a possibility (depending on your computers hardware) that this will affect the performance on your machine. If you're worried about performance more than security (and you're on an older machine) you may wish to disable this feature.


Ubuntu uses "eCryptfs" which stores all the data in a directory (this case the home folders) as encrypted data. When a user is logged in that encrypted folder is mounted with second decryption mount...

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