How to install Virtualbox from command line?

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according to Oracle Official Doc for Linux Download you can install virtual box by adding it's repository using two ways

1 - add it's repository(according to your ubuntu version) directry into /etc/apt/sources.list file [next line for ubuntu 16.04 xenial repositty]

deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian xenial contrib

2 - adding it's repository using command line [next line for ubuntu 16.04 xenial repositty]

sudo apt-add-repository "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian xenial contrib"

Notice:for another ubuntu version use the same repository But change xenial word with your ubuntu version name

deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian {ubuntu-version-name} contrib

Then add Oracle public keys by copy key from oracle_vbox_2016.asc , oracle_vbox.asc and paste them into two files oracle_vbox_2016.asc, oracle_vbox.asc finally add them into your system

sudo apt-key add oracle_vbox_2016.asc sudo apt-key add...
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If you're using VirtualBox as a virtual machine (VM) server in your data center, chances are you're going to want to know how to run those VMs without having to rely on the VirtualBox GUI. This makes it much easier to run your VMs without having to be at the host machine (you can ssh into the host and then manage the VMs) or without having a number of GUI windows open to clutter your server desktops (or be readily available for prying eyes).

To make this happen, you'll use a very powerful command that comes with VirtualBox called VBoxManage; it allows you to manage a number of aspects of your VMs. I'll show how to use VBoxManage to start, stop, and pause your VMs. I assume you have VirtualBox installed, and your VMs are ready to run on the host machine.

SEE: Building the Software Defined Data Center (ZDNet/TechRepublic special feature)

Before you fire up a VM

If you go directly to the VBoxManage command and fire up a VM, you'll probably find that VM...

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What You See Is What You Get Element

Using Oracle VM VBoxManage

by Yuli Vasiliev

Using Oracle VM VirtualBox's VBoxManage tool from the command line of the host operating system, you can control Oracle VM VirtualBox settings, create new VMs, and work on existing VMs.

Published June 2014

Table of Contents
High-Level View of Oracle VM VirtualBox Interfaces
Preparing Your Working Environment
VBoxManage Versus VirtualBox Manager
Observing Existing Virtual Machines
Creating a VM
Setting Up a VM's Properties
Configuring a Virtual Network Adapter
Attaching Virtual Media to a VM
Installing a Guest OS into a VM
Starting a VM on a Headless Server
Importing Oracle VM VirtualBox Templates
Conclusion
See Also
About the Author

There were times when a command line was the main tool—sometimes the only tool—you could employ to communicate with your computer. And although nowadays GUI tools have shot...

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If you find difficulties installing guest additions via the VM "

Devices

" menu, you can easily follow this tutorial which will help you use the command line under Ubuntu/Linux Mint running as guest to install VirtualBox "

Guest Additions

", which is a set of tools and system applications that allow the user to copy/paste between host and guest, enable full screen resolution, and it also includes device drivers (graphics card, keyboard, wireless cards, etc.) to ensure better usability and performance for the guest OS.


The tutorial is workable for Ubuntu 12.10/12.04/11.10 or older (applicable also for Ubuntu derivatives such as Kubuntu, Xubuntu, etc.), and any Ubunu-based system like Linux Mint 13/12 or older. Open the terminal and install VirtualBox guest additions with these commands:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox-guest-additions

sudo apt-get install virtualbox-guest-dkms virtualbox-guest-x11 virtualbox-guest-utils

After...

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Suppose you want to create and run virtual machines (VMs) on VirtualBox. However, a host machine does not support X11 environment, or you only have access to a terminal on a remote host machine. Then how can you create and run VMs on such a host machine without VirtualBox GUI? This can be a common situation for servers where VMs are managed from remotely.

In fact, VirtualBox comes with a suite of command line utilities, and you can use the VirtualBox command line interfaces (CLIs) to manage VMs on a remote headless server. In this tutorial, I will show you how to create and start a VM without VirtualBox GUI.

Prerequisite for starting VirtualBox VM without GUI

First, you need to install VirtualBox Extension Pack. The Extension Pack is needed to run a VRDE remote desktop server used to access headless VMs. Its binary is available for free. To download and install VirtualBox Extension Pack:

$ wget...

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(see edit below!)

Looks like this is not currently possible with AWS EC2. They have good basic info and detailed step-by-step guide to import virtual machine images, but the resin.io image does not fit their operating systems prerequisits: basically an OS image running on top of EC2 would need to have be one of the listed OS types (Ubuntu, Red Hat, SUSE, etc), but the resin.io image is a custom Linux system, and it's not accepted by the EC2 platform. I've tried to run their import procedures, and all different kinds of attempts were rejected.

Would recommend trying different way of running the virtual machine. If you are just trying a virtual device (I guess based on this blogpost), and you don't need a NUC image, just any virtual device would do, then there are also QEMU-based images available on resin.io now, that should work to run on your local machine too (those won't work on EC2 either, because of the same reason).

Edit:

Re-reading your question,...

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As something of a follow-up post to the previous entry, here’s a quick recipe for creating a Virtual Machine using the VirtualBox command line tools:

We’re using Windows Server 2008 64bit as an example, modify to taste.

Create a 32GB “dynamic” disk.

You can get a list of the OS types VirtualBox recognises using:

Then copy the most appropriate one into here.

Add a SATA controller with the dynamic disk attached.

Add an IDE controller with a DVD drive attached, and the install ISO inserted into the drive:

Misc system settings.

Configuration is all done, boot it up! If you’ve done this one a remote machine, you can RDP to the console via vboxhost:3389.

Once you have configured the operating system, you can shutdown and eject the DVD.

Finally, it’s a good idea to take regular snapshots so that you can always revert back to a known-good state rather than having to completely re-install.

And, if you need to...

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VirtualBox Extension pack is a set of open source component which extend the functionality of VirtualBox base package, Oracle provides the one extension pack, it provides the following added functionality.

The virtual USB 2.0 device. VurtualBox Remote Desktop Protocol (VDRP) Host webcam pass through. Intel PXE boot ROM. Experimental support or PCI pass through on Linux hosts.

This Mini how-to helps you to install the VirtualBox extension package on Linux machines.

Lets see the installed Extension pack, you wont find any packages because Extension does not come bundled with VirtualBox.

raj@ubuntu:~$ sudo VBoxManage list extpacks Extension Packs: 0

Download VirtualBox extension pack, latest pack can be found here.

raj@ubuntu:~$ wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/4.3.12/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-4.3.12-93733.vbox-extpack

Once downloaded, install it by using the following command.

raj@ubuntu:~$ sudo...

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- You may notice that my screen isn't quite…taking advantage of the full width of the display.…To fix that, I need to install the guest additions.…In parallels or VMware, this is named differently,…but here on VirtualBox I'll go to Devices…and choose Insert Guest Additions CD Image…and I'll click the Run button.…I'll enter my password and the Guest Additions installer…will start up, but it's presenting us…with a couple issues.…The first one, as you can see here on line five…of the output, is that the gcc utility was not found.…

That's a compiler for the C language.…It's also telling me that the headers…for the current kernel weren't found.…I can install that with this line that it's…given me here, yum install kernel-devel,…blah, blah, blah, with all the numbers.…So I'll copy that portion because I…definitely can't remember that, and choose Copy.…I'll press return to close the window,…then I'll go up to Activities…and start typing in terminal.…Now, this is one of those...

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I have my VMs on a dedicated computer, over SSH I use vboxheadless to start them, and then I use remote desktop to use them.

Now, while a VM is running, it is trivial to insert the "GuestAdditions" image into the guest's optical drive and install them. To do that with an attached GUI, it's at Devices > Insert Guest Additions CD Image.

However, I'm not using the GUI because I'm using the guest OS via remote desktop, so I obviously don't have the menus, either.

I'd like to know how to perform this function from command line. I'd imagine it's using vboxmanage to insert and remove that CD image from the virtual guest machine's drive.

Also, is there a way how to insert any other CD images and/or floppy images into the virtual drives of a guest system - and remove them - while the guest OS is...

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Spanish version

Introduction

VirtualBox is according to developers:

VirtualBox is a powerful x86 and AMD64/Intel64 virtualization product for enterprise as well as home use. Not only is VirtualBox an extremely feature rich, high performance product for enterprise customers, it is also the only professional solution that is freely available as Open Source Software under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). See “About VirtualBox” for an introduction.

And according to Wikipedia:

Oracle VM VirtualBox is an x86 virtualization software package, originally created by software company innotek GmbH, purchased by Sun Microsystems, and now developed by Oracle Corporation as part of its family of virtualization products. It is installed on an existing host operating system; within this application, additional guest operating systems, each known as a Guest OS, can be loaded and run, each with its own virtual environment.

Supported...

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(20140911 — The steps in this post were amended to address changes in recent versions of software. Minor editorial corrections were also made — iceflatline)

This post will describe how to install VirtualBox Guest Additions on your Linux guest operating system.

Oracle’s VirtualBox is a general-purpose x86 machine virtualizer that runs on Windows, Linux/Unix, and OpenSolaris hosts. It supports a large number of guest operating systems, including Linux (kernel versions 2.4 and 2.6) and the usual Windows flavors. Guest Additions consist of drivers and kernel modules that improve the usability and performance of the guest operating system, including the ability to share the mouse pointer seamlessly between the guest and host systems without the need to free the pointer from the guest OS first; the ability to share the clipboard between the guest and host OS; and, better video support through the use of guest drivers for the X Window system that provide higher (and...

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How to Install Virtualbox 5.1.10 in Ubuntu. Virtualbox is a full virtualizer for x86 hardware. Virtualbox 5.1.10 is the latest release which brings various GUI and API changes.

VirtualBox 5.1.10 (released 2016-11-21)

This is a maintenance release. The following items were fixed and/or added:

GUI: the USB filter settings dialog should allow to specify the USB revision in hexadecimal format (bug #15400) GUI: fixed crash on certain hosts when pressing certain key combinations (Windows hosts only; bug #15719) GUI: fixed issue with updating the available-geometry on host-screen work-area resize GUI: don’t crash / hang on certain environments if accessibility support is enabled GUI: fixed various issues in Unscaled HiDPI Output mode (bug #15707) GUI: extend the VM Input menu with Print Screen-related actions GUI: improved handling of inserting the Guest Additions ISO image by trying all available optical drives rather than only the first one and by not asking the user...
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VirtualBox comes with a suite of command line utilities, and you can use the VirtualBox command line interfaces (CLIs) to manage VMs on a remote headless server. In this tutorial, we will show you how to create and start a VM without VirtualBox GUI using VBoxManage. VBoxManage is the command-line interface to VirtualBox taht you can use to completely control VirtualBox from the command line of your host operating system. VBoxManage supports all the features that the graphical user interface gives you access to, but it supports a lot more than that. It exposes really all the features of the virtualization engine, even those that cannot (yet) be accessed from the GUI. You will need to use the command line if you want to use a different user interface than the main GUI and control some of the more advanced and experimental configuration settings for a VM.

You will find VBoxManage helpful when you want to create and run virtual machines (VMs) on VirtualBox, but you only have...

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