How do I install Ubuntu?


am a new Ubuntu Linux user. I need to install a package called package.deb. I know I can use Synaptic front-end package management tool to install packages from the CD or Internet. But, I would like to install a special .deb file. How can I install .deb package from the terminal using command line option in Ubuntu Linux or Debian Linux?

You need

to use the dpkg command

, which is a package manager from shell/command prompt for Debian and Ubuntu Linux. You can use this tool to install, build, remove and manage packages. dpkg itself is controlled entirely via command line parameters.


The syntax is as follows:


-i or --install : Install the package. -R or --recursive : Recursively installed all *.deb files found at specified directories and all of its sub-directories. /path/to/dir/name/with/lots/of/dot-deb-files/ must refer to a directory instead of package-name-here.deb file name.

How do I install .deb file?

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The introduction of personal computers with Windows 8 preinstalled with them also introduced a controversial under-the-hood modification – Secure Boot. Secure Boot is a technology which is included in any new computer that has Windows 8 preinstalled and the official sticker. It is meant to check that you have a certified operating system installed on your computer before it tries to boot it. This prevents the system from running any “non-certified” (or non-trusted) operating systems, lowering the risk that malicious code runs at boot time.

The idea itself is reasonable, but it completely ignores the fact that personal computers are able to run more than just Windows – there’s Linux, BSD variants, and plenty more. Ever since the specification came into effect, Linux developers have been working hard to support it so that people can continue installing their favorite Linux distributions.

Since manufacturers tend to stick with Microsoft’s specifications, you...

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Ubuntu 15.04 final beta is already out couple of weeks before. The final version of Ubuntu 15.04 will be released on coming April 23, 2015. Check the release notes for more details.

This comprehensive tutorial describes how can we enhance Ubuntu 15.04, and other older versions such as Ubuntu 14.10/14.04/13.10/13.04/12.10/12.04 etc., further for day to day activities. Also, this article will show you some interesting insights and ideas about what you can and should do after a successful installation of Ubuntu latest desktop version.

If you already use previous release of Ubuntu, and want to upgrade to the current latest version, then please refer the below link.

1. Preparing your Ubuntu desktop

1.1 Update System

The first and foremost thing to do is update/upgrade software repositories and make sure your systems contains latest versions of all software.

To do that, run:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

1.2 Install...

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I am running Ubuntu 13.10, and I’m pretty new to Linux. I tried:

$ sudo apt-get install chkconfig

Package chkconfig is not available, but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or is only available from another source

E: Package ‘chkconfig’ has no installation candidate

I manually downloaded the package and unzipped it. The resulting folder has a file called:


But how do I run this? I tried this, but it didn’t work.

$ sudo chkconfig.install

Answer #: 1

The command chkconfig is no longer available in Ubuntu.The equivalent command to chkconfig is update-rc.d.This command nearly supports all the new versions of ubuntu.

The similar commands are

update-rc.d defaults update-rc.d start 20 3 4 5 update-rc.d -f remove

Answer #: 2

sysv-rc-conf is an alternate option for Ubuntu.

sudo apt-get install sysv-rc-conf sysv-rc-conf...
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Ubuntu is an operating system with Linux kernel based on Debian and distributed as free and open source software. It’s one of the most popular operating systems for Desktop and Server. Also Ubuntu runs on phones.

In this page I’ll give you a step by step guide for beginners how to install Ubuntu separately or alongside with any other os (such as Windows 7). This works on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS and higher.


Get started:

1.) Insert the Ubuntu CD or USB to your Computer and boot up. You need to set it boot first in BIOS.

2.) When you’re brought into Ubuntu Live System with Installation Wizard (You may click the Install icon on desktop), choose your language and click “Install Ubuntu” button.

3.) If you have internet connected, you can check “Downloads update while installing” and “install this third-part software” but it takes time. Skip them and you can install after Ubuntu installation.

4.) At this step you have...

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How do I install JSLint on Ubuntu?

I downloaded the source jsl-0.3.0-src.tar.gz from and then extracted it to a dir called jsl-0.3.0 on my Desktop. I then moved it to /usr/local/bin which I have read is my PATH. I also want to mention that I have Rhino 1.7 installed already.

When I try to run jsl from terminal I got the following message:

No command 'jsl' found, did you mean: Command 'jls' from package 'sleuthkit' (universe) Command 'js' from package 'rhino' (main) Command 'sl' from package 'sl' (universe) Command 'fsl' from package 'fsl' (multiverse) jsl: command not found

So I how do I properly install JSLint?

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When I try to install Parallels Tools in my virtual machine running Ubuntu, I get an error message that Parallels Tools needs the kernel source.


The following packages are necessary in order to install Parallels Tools in a VM running Ubuntu: linux-headers and build-essential.

You need to install those packages before attemptin the Parallels Tools installation.


Install the packages linux-headers and build-essential by typing the following command in Ubuntu Terminal:

# sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) build-essential

After the packages are installed, try to install Parallels Tools again following the steps below:

Start the virtual machine.

Make sure your virtual machine's CD/DVD drive is pointed to a Default empty drive

When the operating system boots up, click Actions (Virtual Machine in Parallels Desktop 9 and earlier) and choose Install Parallels...

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Ubuntu 16.04 has been released in wild by Canonical with a life circle of 5 years support.

This tutorial will guide you on how you can perform the installation of Ubuntu 16.04 in dual-boot with a Microsoft Operating System on machines that come pre-installed with Windows 10.

For fresh Ubuntu 16.04 installation, read our article about Ubuntu 16.04 Desktop Installation Guide

This guide assumes that you’re machine comes pre-installed with Windows 10 OS or an older version of Microsoft Windows, such as Windows 8.1 or 8.

In case your hardware uses UEFI then you should modify the EFI settings and disable Secure Boot feature.

If your computer has no other Operating System already installed and you plan to use a Windows variant alongside Ubuntu 16.04, you should first install Microsoft Windows and then proceed with Ubuntu 16.04 installation.

In this particular case, on Windows installation steps, when formatting the hard disk, you should allocate a...

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Ubuntu 16.04 will be available for download in a few hours and since many of you will be installing it as soon as it's released, here are some useful things you can do right after the installation.

Get some Ubuntu AppIndicators

Every Unity user needs some AppIndicators - the tiny icons that sit on the top panel, next to the clock. Below you'll find 3 such AppIndicators, two which add some missing functionality to the desktop and one for some eyecandy.

1. My Weather Indicator

Probably my favorite indicator, "My Weather Indicator" displays the current weather on the Unity panel. From the Indicator menu, you can see a weather forecast and more. The application even supports adding desktop weather widgets.

To install it in Ubuntu 16.04, you'll need to use a PPA. Add the PPA and install My Weather Indicator using the following commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:atareao/atareao sudo apt update sudo apt...
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This guide is intended to introduce you to the very many ways in which Ubuntu may be installed to your machine depending on your specific use case. The official Ubuntu 12.04 Installation Guide also covers a complete list of alternative installation methods for Ubuntu.


Requirements are basic! Ubuntu has been designed keeping in mind most hardware that abounds, so it is highly likely that if your hardware is not too uncommon, Ubuntu will work on your machine right off the bat! Nonetheless, you should check if your hardware works with Ubuntu and meets the minimum system requirements. The following pages are a comprehensive review of all Ubuntu supported hardware:

Supported Architectures: Most laptops these days ship with an Intel or an AMD processor, which fall into the category x86/x86_64. These are officially supported by Ubuntu. This page documents these as well as all other processor architectures supported by Ubuntu.

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It’s easy to install Ubuntu from a DVD. Here’s what you need to do:

Put the Ubuntu DVD into the DVD-drive

Restart your computer. You should see a welcome screen prompting you to choose your language and giving you the option to install Ubuntu or try it from the DVD.

If you don’t get this menu, read the booting from the DVD guide for more information.

Using a USB drive?

Most newer computers can boot from USB. You should see a welcome screen prompting you to choose your language and giving you the option to install Ubuntu or try it from the USB.

If your computer doesn’t automatically do so, you might need to press the F12 key to bring up the boot menu, but be careful not to hold it down - that can cause an error message.

We recommend you plug your computer into a power source You should also make sure you have enough space on your computer to install Ubuntu We advise you to...
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The general procedure to install Ubuntu (or Ubuntu flavour, Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Xubuntu, ...) from a USB flash drive is:

Acquire the correct Ubuntu installation files ('the ISO') Put Ubuntu onto your USB flash drive Configure your computer to boot from USB flash drive and boot from it

Try Ubuntu (Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Xubuntu, ...) before installing it

Install Ubuntu to your internal drive (hard disk drive or solid state drive).

Ubuntu can be installed from a USB flash drive. This may be necessary for netbooks and other computers without CD drives and is handy for others because a USB flash drive is so convenient. Also, you can configure Ubuntu on the USB flash drive to save changes you make, unlike a read-only CD-ROM drive.

Booting from a USB flash drive created with usb-creator alias Startup Disk Creator and mkusb will behave just as if you had booted from the install CD. It will show the language selection and then the install menu, from which you can...

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First, you will need to download the current version of Ubuntu Server . A 64 bit version is recommended, but you can also download a 32bit version Here. Once downloaded you need to create a bootable CD/DVD or USB flash.

Once done, put the disc in your drive, or insert the USB flash, and reboot your machine. Make sure that you set your BIOS to boot either from the CD/DVD or USB flash depending on which installation method you choose.

Once booted, just follow the steps shown in the images below.

On the first screen you can choose you language of install (Screenshot 1).

Select Install Ubuntu Server (Screenshot 2).

Select the language used for the installation process (Screenshot 3).

Select your geographical location (Screenshot 4).

Configure your keyboard. I choose no to manually choose the keyboard (Screenshot 5).

I choose the English (US) for country origin (Screenshot...

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